The big picture:
The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in January 2005 brought an end to two decades of conflict between the people of North Sudan and South Sudan - which resulted in more than two million people dead - and resulted in the self governing of the South. In January 2011, the people of South Sudan voted in a referendum to become an independent country, and the formal independence ceremony was held in July 2011.
The area that is now formally recognized as South Sudan has a long history of underdevelopment and conflict. War has prevented economic development, caused significant loss of lives and extensive damage to infrastructure, including education, health, water and social services. The end of conflict is an opportunity for people to return home after years of displacement and start to rebuild their lives. However, a generation of youth has grown up without an education or the skills to earn a livelihood.
What is Plan doing?
Plan has been working in South Sudan, including before its independence, since 2006 - helping poor children to access their rights to education, health, protection and economic security.
We work with more than 20,000 children - mainly in Juba, Lainya and Yei counties in Central Equatoria - to bring lasting improvements in a country that has emerged from decades of civil war.
Plan South Sudan promotes child rights to ensure that children, families and communities actively participate in their own development - from identifying problems to implementing solutions.
Issues Plan works on in Guinea: